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tv   Focus on Europe  Deutsche Welle  May 17, 2019 4:30am-5:01am CEST

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but that one little thing is the one i have serious problems on a personal level and i was unable to live there but what i'm going to. want to know their story informally great spirit fighting the reliable information for margaret's. $28.00 nations joined in one union and strasburg is the seeds of that parliament welcome to a special edition of focus on europe with me peter craven and just days to go now to elections to the parliament with the euro skeptic even and see european parties in the ascendancy in many parts of the concert and now among them the fetus party
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of hungary's prime minister viktor orban which has been putting massive pressure on one man the mayor of a small town in southern hungary who's been campaigning for a liberal and cosmopolitan future for his country. without the marchese i cannot believe the campaign against him. but there have been others that have one poster claims i'm violent the other one says i just represent the interests of the roma minority. you got yourself a few 100 party has put up 400 posters to discredit the mayor. sure enough a lock on fortunately as his rhetoric is full of anti semitism and anti roma sentiment. but they're tapping into people's fears trying to make me resign. one year ago marquees i became the mayor of holdem is a wash on highway which is surrounded by feed us heartland he's
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a staunch pro european much to the chagrin of prime minister or bonds for this party and he's found to tackle government corruption and zina phobic propaganda. but he should be many hunk ariens think that government corruption is ok as long as orbán does not let any migrants into the country who have legibly rape their women and steal their jobs unfortunately governmental hate propaganda has worked for. that's why markie zion propagates a tolerant and open minded atmosphere in his town and e.u. flank again adorns the cultural center and he encourages roma events. may hang my coat up here it will get stolen while it no will keep an eye on it thanks will even put something in your pockets the mayor plays with and prejudices it's all in good humor the local roma community appreciates their jovial mayor unlike many others he treats them with respect. congratulations you're humane and
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you remain balanced in these times. marquees i used to sympathize with or bonds policies but over the past 10 years the end appended politician has completely changed his stance some credit it's important to us that hungry remain a democratic european state based on the rule of law so it's regretful that our government has left this path. because of superman the fit is party holds a majority in the hood mezzo bashar hey city council fears political exchanges are frequent. it has become evident in recent days that the mayor wants to create a party that is probably my grunts and pro immigration instead of addressing the needs of the city and its inhabitants. of the world. we are rebuilding the rule of law and democracy in hungary people are more courageous that's what you take issue with. though this will require hungry opposition joining
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forces as deputy mayor under way a key she explains the way that our goal for the european parliamentary elections is for the right wing populist fit as party to win as few seats as possible. that someone that's and for the opposition to take as many as it can. and that's what we're complaining for these next days and weeks because and then. after a quick meeting the mayor heads out for the day's last campaign stop he says it is crucial for him to meet voters in person to convince them of his policies especially now that he faces such a formidable political foe this town hall meeting is scheduled to debate policy issues but pretty soon local start arguing over hungry state of affairs. don't bad mouth it as i'll wring your neck. as far as i know fidesz party members
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were also invited to this event why didn't they show up. i'll tell you why they're scared or maybe because they're too busy. too busy making huge campaign posters. they all love mayor markey zionist policy making is not a matter of course in hungary today that's why the 47 year old is now a household name throughout the entire country. where we're now in the rudolph favor one of the shopping streets in the center of stroudsburg it's just around the corner from the traditional christmas markets and it was here in this area just a few months ago people lost their lives in an islamist attack the question is where does the islamist anger come from and one place to go and get an answer to that question is perhaps that this strict of brussels.
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that easy. credit grew up in muslim bakery and feels at home here he was his songs are about the people who live here the 18 year old love small and. like most of the migrants here his family was originally from morocco. we all know each other personally necessarily but by sight we say hello to each other no one would reject anyone from email and back is like a family. most europeans see muslim big differently that is something greater find hard to bear. sally and brahim obviously also grew up in mozambique they were involved in the terrorist attacks in paris in 2015 and in belgium in 2016 over 160 people were killed and hundreds injured but reda says that doesn't mean other residents sympathize with islamist terror. they came from olympic unfortunately they could have come from anywhere in the outside
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world thinks we're all terrorists. but that is wrong. but the up to slum brothers are not the only radicals from moment back over 30 young jean harvests went to syria to fight for the so-called islamic state more than from most other places in europe. is a taxi driver he's lived in mozambique for almost 20 years he says there is a very real danger of radicalization. he took us to a former car workshop that's now used as a prayer room. camera team was not welcome. he says that young people here are indoctrinated and there is rampant hate speech against western democracies. he says that europe has to defend itself. because to do this is europe's weakness europe is very weak. it can't
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impose its values. people are scared and others are making the most of this to radicalize youth and to commit crimes. that it will to keep. these has hung the belgian flag on his balcony his answer to the terrorist attacks which shattered his world like many here he knew the obvious long brothers personally he says that he has tried to warn the authorities and help the police since the attacks but he says nobody will listen to him. he thinks that politicians are worried of being accused of islamophobia if they clamp down on prayer rooms where radical ideology is preached most effective well they don't say that there is a real terrorism problem in belgium and in europe. they're scared of not satisfying the people of being unpopular. is not alone in worrying
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about the younger generation. the social worker bashir in rabbit at this youth center is also doing his best to prevent radicalization. he shows radio and his friends a film which is supposed to help young people recognize propaganda on the internet and avoid falling into the trap of hate preachers. but let's get this do you have a distance of this or could this sort of stop influence you never. the situation has become calmer in muslim bank since the i guess lost ground in syria. olivier vander heyden says it has lost its attraction for many youths here in belgium he's in charge of promoting equality in the community he says one reason some young muslims are radicalized is because they are not treated equally so that's what we do better on paper belgian society is extremely tolerant there's freedom of speech freedom of religion but in the actual fact there is exclusion discrimination and
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racism. and his friends wrote this song which is about how difficult it is to find a place in society. i feel moroccan religion but you were born here but i feel moroccan. they feel happy now they're very belgian and the national team plays they're really proud of the belgian red devils. but there's still a lot to be done in terms of identity building nothing's clear yet they're often not counted as belgians if this doesn't help much is that. the european commission is just a few kilometers away and yet it's another world for the use of moment back when they know very little about and one that barely interest them. radio doesn't know
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what an ideal europe could mean but he wants a better future for himself and for immigrants in those limbs in general. that we should all be equal and everybody's opinion should matter. and we should all take decisions together. who knows maybe he'll. about europe one day and about how people live together on this continent so. now this world war 2 tank is a reminder of the devastating conflict that would eventually lead to the creation of the present day european union never again war walls and still is the mantra and remarkably post-war generations have managed to create a profound spirits of reconciliation between the former enemies germany and france its money for a state in the franco german brigade with young soldiers defending european.
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german soldiers turn out for morning roll call and sing them are saying as. that's nothing unusual at the robert schumann barracks near the french border. corporal has been serving in the franco german brigade for 4 years now he and the other officers know how important it is for nations to work together. for these soldiers europe as part of their daily lives every day they really feel they are europeans. seeing both national anthems is only one of the features unique to this brigade. every day bring special challenges. they have the language barrier and always will we have german soldiers who don't speak french and vice versa. they have to build bridges and they always have to
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remember that something might not have been understood. during weapons training for example one instructor explains and the other translates. are a ritually comes from berlin. he's just signed up for another 4 years with the prepaid he has no trouble with the rifle trails. we have to learn to handle the french arms and that means practice and the french instruct us because they're french arms. and the military routines of the 2 countries have no differences as the instructor explains. this is a good example of this kind of thing happens here every day in training we show each other our equipment of course so everyone has a chance to try it out. the commanding officers get ready to visit the troops. they're busy with the transport exercise. the officers communicate in english the
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official language of nato a reel of the view everyone here speaks that we have no more special reports concerning incidents and they are currently on their mission. english was also the working language for the 6 months the battalion was stationed in lithuania for nato that was the high point of moray service to date he keeps some photos of lithuania on his cell phone. on the road to strasburg and france another of the prepaid spaces. supplies for the troops are shuttled back and forth across the river rhine. german and french military traditions do differ however. as a says the germans are very progressive a 21st century management style. but the french are still very military in
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everything they do. if. the force campus closely guarded. the commanding officer turns up to inspect the exercise. as a german officer he serves in a military force whose every mission has to be approved by the bundestag. but his french counterparts can be deployed on direct orders from the french president. this difference can have political ramifications. i know i mean as for me i see a european military as a glimpse of the future but i think for many things it's possible and necessary to work them out in a political process. if you ask us as the military will say sure we can do it overnight after all we've been doing it for 30 years. the brigade has started traditions of the town built
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a measure of confidence created their own uniforms and songs with verses in 2 languages. its members share a common spirit. perhaps setting an example for european military forces of the future. warm air of the promise that people's lives will get better that they will gradually become more prosperous is a central commitment the e.u. makes above all to the young people of europe but for many in southern europe unemployment is the bitter reality and in the south of it's of even met sergio know it's heartbreaking to see how far quite literally young men and women are prepared to go to find work. it's almost midnight and these young nurses are waiting for the bus they've nicknamed it the bus of hope it will take them to d.n.a. in northern italy there are currently more than $450.00 jobs on offer in the
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nursing sector there and 12000 applicants from all over italy. and some of these you know i've already taken part in 10 tests you have to try everything. the bus is the cheapest you can do everything in one day. valentino is one of the job seekers like many here he's disappointed that he can't get a decent job despite his qualifications. but you know. i will keep what out there most of us are working but the question is how some slog for 8 hours but are badly paid others work 300 kilometers away from home there's little left after the rent and travel costs and without it for any man to believe that many think that the e.u. is partly to blame for the poor job situation in italy so they're again planning to vote for euro skeptical parties. the 5 star movement should get another chance and show us what it can do let's hope. it's 700 kilometers to the d.n.a.
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a trip through the whole of italy in the hope of finding a permanent job up north many trains arrive in rome from the south full of people looking for jobs they all head for the capital's trade fair center some 5000 teachers are hoping to land one of 600 training posts as teachers for pupils with special needs a scheme created by italy's populist government despite the debt crisis in the education sector. dominica comes from naples he works as a supply teacher in milan 800 kilometers away he doesn't know how the government will finance the new posts but he's hoping to get one. of course i'm nervous my professional future could be decided today this could change my life. but the pressure is enormous dominik o.-n. 2000 fellow hopefuls have to go to hall 5. many applicants are already waiting
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patiently. they know that these tests are their only chance to get a state post but also how slim their chances are. that. if you succeed here it means you're really lucky. to be honest nobody in my generation believes in permanent jobs and in our. one desk per candidate no phones no other help allowed. everything has to be above board but is this really a way of selecting qualified teachers for many it's just another facet of italy's absurd bureaucracy. in the future people will continue to leave their homes in southern italy in search of work. like 52 year old louisa some pella who has spent much of her professional life on train journeys hoping to land a permanent position that. she says that what's happening in italy
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a founding member of the european union should be considered a warning for the e.u. as a whole. nobody really believes in europe anymore and governments which have taken us to this point. many young italians just see the mistakes they're discouraged and disillusioned by the e.u. . luisa commutes 5 hours a day. she can't find a job in naples so she goes to rome where she has a position as a supply teacher at the moment she thinks this is terrible. but i love it when i see a stream of people that roam station every morning and i often think we're a sea of desperate people. desperate people looking for a secure job and with every generation the number is increasing.
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heaps of plastic waste that's a recycling plant on the outskirts of strasburg an indication perhaps of the extent to which we europeans neglect our environment and i'm talking here to about our marine environment because the baltic sea has been cold by scientists one of the most damage sees on earth but help is a town. some final instructions before the dive so how do the nets look. i don't know dozens of old fishing nets are caught on a shipwreck off lithuania's coast sabina caco and her crew are going to bring them up. care cow is a pharmacist and one of germany's most experienced divers. and 2016 she noticed a particular kind of waste in the baltic sea all trolling and fishing nets. a study revealed that thousands of nets are lost in the baltic every year. europe has to
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lay the foundation for plastic to be prohibited as far as possible. 10 percent of the plastic trash in the seas consists of ghost nets. and when they degrade they release micro plastics and vast quantities. every year care cowan or fellow divers set out from lithuania to bring up the ghost nets on a voluntary basis they finance their operations mostly out of their own pockets. once at the wreck the divers find no shortage of nets to marine animals their deadly traps. care cow and the other divers try to cut the net away with simple knives but make no headway eventually they abandon the operation. some of these nets are decades old and aren't about to give up easily. they're made of all kinds of materials and they're all different ages. besides these are enormous and very
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very heavy heavy from the lead water and sand and everything that's been washed into them over the decades. we have to cut them up into little pieces to bring them up to the surface. but now the nets are already piling up in many ports such as in the south of sweden here as part of a baltic wide pilot project. from the port authority is looking for ecological solutions for disposing of the waste. plastic industry will not be able to use. because it's to make a different type of plastics they want to have very clean room much earlier. but now that tons of waste can be offloaded in series and taken to a recycling facility for old fishing nets on sweden's west coast. here employees
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painstakingly cut apart the tangled nets. the various materials are then separated and recycled each in the appropriate fashion. just feel good quality but it's not good enough for fishing but it could be good enough where in each bag it worked in the process of turning old fishing nets into beach bags is complicated so being a care team has finally succeeded in bringing parts of the enormous trolling net to the surface. but they still have to keep it aboard their boat. for us as a group we've achieved fabulous success and i'm overjoyed i think it's wonderful that we've managed to get this done and that everybody worked together so well let's keep it up. they all agree that many more people than especially governments will have to join in their battle against the ghost nets.
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the few countries at least want to introduce a tagging system for fishing nets so in future their owners can be traced so being a care cost sees it as a 1st step. if we can prevent 521-0000 nets getting lost again this year then we'll only have to worry about the ones already underwater. and we won't have to worry that every night we bring up $100.00 more are being discarded. so cares about the baltic sea she'll soon be back. she says the battle against the ghost nets has just begun here in the baltic sea and all the around the world. thanks very much for joining us on this special edition of focus on europe with me . from the seat of the european parliament crucial elections coming up in the next couple of days. thoughts until next time round.
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good.
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badri go to the international talk show for journalists to discuss the topic of the week savers are rattling once again in the middle east as a standoff between the u.s. and iran intensifies the u.s. pressure produces a new and better nuclear deal as washington claims more results in the war that's our child the country join us. quadriga 90 minutes on. some time in the 26th. my great granddaughter. what would the world be like in your lifetime and around half a century. your world would be around 2 degrees warmer lead inevitably sea levels rise by at least one meter in this century. we're going to have some climate impacts maternal greater the more we see all the.
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it's really frightening. the luck. why are people more concerned. little yellow bird starts may 31st on t.w. . you're a complete idea of what's become of it and what it looks like tomorrow. dublin gets ready for an in-depth look at the european elections across the us to the questions that matter what are european boaters hopes for the new employment what challenges fly ahead. from wait so long because he says that the people in power have gotten away with not doing anything to fight the kind of crisis play and tell the european election to the sec to the rest of the world. expert
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discussions of the. prince of burglars who have to answer to slim voters 1st little g.w. bush has it all. elections on may 26th g.w. . u.s. president donald trump has announced plans to tighten immigration making it tougher to gain entry into the country trump wants immigrants to have better english proficiency and more job skills and he wants to reduce the number of asylum seekers but the initiative stands little chance of passing through a sharply divided congress. the u.s. state of missouri is republican led senate has passed a bill to ban abortions and 8 weeks of pregnancy the legislature.

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